Emergency Water Shut Off

water shut off

There is a good chance that you’ll need the water shut off to your your home at some point.

You might have to do this for a plumbing repair or before you go on vacation.

Then there are the emergency situations:

For example, if a pipeline breaks somewhere behind the drywall or your bathroom is flooded with water.

Regularly closing and reopening the valves prevents the valves from getting stuck and can prevent corrosion.

Familiarize yourself with shutting down the water supply.

Water supply valves are not located in the same place from house to house.

Take the time to locate it now before water is flooding the ceiling or the floors.

Now that you know how to turn off the water to the house let’s look at certain fixtures.

Here are some ways to turn off your water.

water valve

Water Shut Off – Fixtures

Most houses built in the last 40 years have a water shut off valve for each fixture.

A supply line (sometimes referred to as a riser) extends from the shut off valve to the fixture.

(A faucet has two shut off valves, one for hot water and one for cold water)

Fixtures that don’t have a valve will require you to shut down the entire home before starting work.

It is a good idea to install a shut off valve to quickly stop the flow in an emergency.

A shut off valve typically has a body with a chrome surface and an oval handle.

In an older house, it can be shaped like a tube valve with a round or decorative ceramic handle.

Most shut off valves are designed for light duty as they are only used for emergencies or repairs.

This means that the water may not completely shut off.

Do not turn the handle down with pliers; You can break the valve.

ball valve

Water Shut Off – The Main

Each house has at least one main valve that controls the water for the whole house.

There is almost always a main shutdown in front of the house and another at the street.

The house valve is usually located near the point where water enters the house.

If your home does not have a meter (some do not), look for a large W on the curb marking the valve location.

In regions with mild winters, the shut off valve for the main water is typically outside the home.

In temperate regions, an outdoor valve is usually housed in an underground plastic or christy box.

Usually, the box lid can be ripped open, but you may have to dig up the dirt to free it.

In colder regions, the barrier is below the frost line, typically at the bottom of a sleeve covered with a cast iron cover.

You may need a key, a long-handled key to reach the valve and turn the water on and off.

The keys are usually the same size and type in each neighborhood.

Often your water utility department will lend you a key for your shut off.

Water Shut Off – Intermediate Shutoffs

Shut off valves are located on exposed utility pipes in a basement, crawl space, utility room, etc.

These will most like be in pairs, one for cold water and the order for hot water.

If the water has been running for a while, you can tell which pipe is hotter by feeling it with your hand.

These are likely to be intermediate water shut off as they control the water supply to a part of a house.

To discover what controls each shut off valve, turn on taps, tubs, showers and flush the toilets.

Remember that a tank type toilet will not refill after draining the water.

Water heaters have shut off valves that are installed near the water heater.

These have nothing to do with the supply pipes for your plumbing fixtures.

water meter

Water Shut Off – Water Meters

Read your water meter to track water usage or to check if the device is working correctly.

If your water meter has dials, they will measure the amount of flow in cubic feet.

A water meter with a digital display shows only the amount of cubic meters of water.

Make a note of the number at the beginning of the month or billing period.

Read it again at the end of the billing cycle, and subtract the first number to calculate your usage.

Water Shut Off – Stop Valves

Stop valves that can shut off tap water often hide between pipes and hoses underneath the sink.

A saddle tee is a convenient way to tap into a line, however, some communities prohibit its use.

For some bath/shower faucets, shut off valves are located in the valve body itself .

Call Us at (559) 940-0890

Check out our article on “How to Shut Off Your Gas

Clovis Plumbing Services