You don’t have to open up your concrete just to add a toilet. Simply use a macerating toilet.
Adding another toilet or even a complete bathroom to your home or anywhere else can become necessary for many reasons.
It’s easy to be carried away by finishes, designs, colors and all of that.
However, the best plans are still always based on the realities of present plumbing systems... as well as gravity.
The bathroom wishes of many homeowners have been shattered due to a location which is just too distant from the major drain line to function without major plumbing renovations.
This mostly happens in basements having the proposed drain areas below grade, or less than the main drain line level.
Since the waste isn’t removed from the home by any gravitational pull, it becomes necessary to provide another method.
Luckily, there are two ways of achieving this, namely: the sewage removal pump and the macerating toilet.
While being flushed, waste from a regular toilet is sent into a waste line through a trap.
It then continues into the main drain line onto the septic tank or sewer.
Since the main drain line is below the toilet level, the contents of the waste line is able be flow into it by the action of gravity.
This is similar to tubs and sinks.
Macerating toilets, also known as Upflush Toilets, instead, transport waste to a macerating unit situated in the wall or behind the toilet.
The waste is then liquefied by high-powered blades and sent out of the unit by a regular pipe connected to the main drain line.
These toilets are costlier than regular toilets, but it is much easier and cheaper to link an existing system with a small-diameter pipe rather than redoing the entire thing.
Macerating Toilets: Pro Tip
When you don’t need a new toilet, or for situations which are more demanding, grinder systems are a great option.
The grinder pump is positioned in a sump basin pit and transports liquefied waste to the main drain.
Whether for an external workshop toilet or a basement-turned-bedroom, there are many ways macerating units can be set up.
However, it must be positioned within the main drain range.
This range is determined by the pump power, and is different for various models.
Typically a vertical lift of 10-15 feet and horizontal run 100-150 feet.
Extra inlets come with many units for connect a sink (not recommending kitchen sinks), tub, or shower.
Septic systems can be compatible with macerating toilets.
Macerating Toilets: Note
We do not recommend macerating toilets as primary toilets.
You have to understand that the many mechanical parts in the unit which function together makes it possible for the unit to fail even quicker than a regular toilet, and in some cases this is unavoidable.
The frequent daily use of a macerating unit is sure to shorten the life of the pump significantly.
And even though your pump eventually fails, not to worry: there are replacements!
Macerating Toilets: Installation and Use
It is quite straightforward to install a macerating toilet, an experienced DIYer can normally complete it under 12 hours.
With that said, even minor errors in installation can result in major issues later.
This is something you certainly do not want to face (usually involving raw sewage).
Thoroughly go through the instructions, and follow them keenly.
The correct size of discharge pipe must be used, bends sweeping, unit properly vented.
Offsets at right angles should be achieved using two elbows of 45° rather than a 90.
Paying attention to these details should keep you away from any major problems.
And obviously ensure that you have the right power supply close by for the macerator unit – most come with a plug for regular grounded outlet.
Mostly free of maintenance, there shouldn’t be any major challenges with macerating toilets when rightly installed.
News stories in recent time about "flushable" wipes threatening public systems of water treatment have greatly increased the awareness of what is safe to send down the drain of the toilet.
Similar principles apply to these macerating units, sewage removal systems, and really every other existing toilet: toilet paper and human waste only – and try to use less paper too!
Macerating Toilets: Pro Tips
Toilet cleaning products which foam up can cause a macerating unit to run nonstop.
Specialized cleaners are offered by manufacturers, otherwise you can save some money by cleaning the bowl with plain vinegar and the inside with limescale.
With a sink connected, try to make use of a soap which doesn’t produce too much lather.
Macerating Toilets: Sewage Removal Systems
Pre-packaged, fully assembled sewage removal systems are great for quick and easy installation.
In cases where the toilet is situated below the main drain line but not far from it, it isn’t necessary for waste to be liquefied for simpler horizontal movement through a pipe with small diameter.
This only requires upward movement into the main drain line.
For this reason, you can make use of a sewage removal pump rather than pay for something you have no need of.
Sewage removal pumps are similar to many others, except that they can pass solids of diameter up to 2 inches.
The pump is situated in a closed sump pit basin, at the discharge point of the toilet and other fixtures.
Operation is usually controlled by a float switch, which turns the pump on as soon as the wastewater contained in the basin gets to particular level.
Alarms (in case of failure from the pump) and control panels are used by some units, and this can be included in many systems too.
Macerating Toilets: Pro Tip
The best thing is always to check with a plumber on the size and type of sewage pump for any situation.
Besides their being familiar with this systems, they should also possess knowledge on any applicable regulations or considerations.
Picking the correct pump size involves quite a few calculations.
A duplex system may be required for heavy-duty circumstances.
Any reason you may have had for seeking a bathroom away from the main drain line or below grade, you can now have them fulfilled by macerating toilets or sewage removal pumps.
When properly installed and used mindfully, these systems are capable of running a bathroom for many years.
Related article: Improving Toilet Performance